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**BIO 131 GENERAL BIOLOGY I 3 SEM. HRS.**

Course stresses the following concepts: Hierarchy of the living world; emergent properties of different levels of biological structure; cells as organism's basic units of structure and function; continuity of life based on heritable information in the form of DNA; correlation of structure and function at all levels of biological organization.

**BIO 111 GENERAL BIOLOGY I LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

The main emphasis is student development of critical thinking skills. Lab experiments are basic and provide students with the opportunity to apply their biology knowledge. Labs include microscopy, diffusion and osmosis, cellular respiration and fermentation. **Co-requisite: BIO 131.**

**BIO 132 GENERAL BIOLOGY II 3 SEM. HRS.**

This course is part II of General Biology, and emphasizes themes in the study of life. The main topics which will be

discussed include: organisms as open systems that interact continuously with their environment; dynamic balance in

living systems is maintained by regulatory mechanisms; life on Earth has dual faces of unity and diversity; the core

theme of biology is evolution; multidisciplinary adventure of biology. **Prerequisite: BIO 131.**

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*BIO 112 GENERAL BIOLOGY II LAB 1 SEM. HR.

The lab is designed to build students' critical thinking skills. They will learn how to write scientific reports. Lab

experiments include photosynthesis, mitosis and meiosis, bacteriology, and plant diversity.

Course stresses the following concepts: terminology, cell structure and physiology; tissue organization; nomenclature; phylogeny; patterns of plant development, structure and function. Systems of classification of representative groups of plants are covered, as well as ecology, metabolism, basic genetics.

The lab emphasizes familiarization with the compound and dissecting microscopes; microscopic study of different types of plant cell structure; collection and identification of different types of leaves, inflorescence, fruits and seeds. Sectioning, staining and preparations of slides using different types of stems and root specimens.

Course stresses the following concepts: terminology, cell structure and physiology; tissue organization; nomenclature. The anatomy and physiology of protochordates, fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals - their characteristics of life, reproduction and habitats. Phylogeny; diversity and evolutionary patterns.

BIO 212 GENERAL ZOOLOGY LAB 1 SEM. HR.

Microscopy - Identification of microscope parts and functions. Identification of tissues, organs - all dissection of real animals - frogs, fetal pigs, and bony fishes and the cat.

This course emphasizes the study of the basic food nutrients, organic groups, energy giving nutrients, minerals, and water, emphasizing dietary requirements and importance, metabolism, dietary diseases, and special dietary requirements of athletes, pregnant/lactating women, infants, teens and aged people.

The nutrition lab will include the following: microscopy; dissection of the cat tracing the digestive tract and the digestive process; classification and identification of the energy yielding nutrients; and the application of the metric system in all the measurements of weight and height involved in the study of recommended dietary allowances and all other data.

A study of the relations between living organisms and their environment. The topics covered are the biogeochemical cycle, environmental factors influencing living organisms, population structure and dynamics, and energy flow in the ecosystem.

The main emphasis is on methods of survey, identification of communities, soil and water analysis.

BIO 331.

The course emphasizes the structure and function of organs and systems of the human body. Systems studied will include integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine.

Microscopy: Identification of the chosen specimens on slides. Cells, tissues, organs, and glands will be studied. Dissection of the representative lab animals available - preserved specimens. Identification of the body parts using the models - Human Torso.

This course emphasizes the structures and functions of the organs and systems of the human body and will include these systems: cardiovascular, lympathatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive.

Identification of the various organs and systems of the human body using the human torso and other models available. Identification of the structures and processes on slides. Dissection of the available preserved specimens.

This course emphasizes molecular organization of the cell and structure and shape of macromolecules. Cellular organelles are studied with reference to energy metabolism. Basic genetic mechanisms, gene regulation and expression, recombinant DNA teaching, and cell signaling are covered. Prerequisite: CHE 332 and BIO 132.

BIO 315 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LAB 1 SEM. HR.

Measurement of pH, buffers, general color tests for carbohydrates, proteins, separation and identification of amino acids by paper chromatography, thin layer chromatography of lipids, electrophoresis of proteins, extraction and purification of DNA, RNA.

Lecture emphasizes microbial techniques, growth, nutrition, metabolism, and control of microbial growth. Mechanisms of resistance, microbial virulence and microbial diseases are studied.

BIO 316 MICROBIOLOGY LAB 1 SEM. HR.

Aseptic transfer technique, preparing a wet mount and observing microorganisms, preparing a smear and simple stain, gram staining, acid-fast staining, end spore staining, pour-plate technique, streak-plate and spread-plate techniques, disinfectants and antiseptics, antibiotic disk sensitivity testing.

This class will discuss current developments in the life sciences.

This course is designed to provide understanding of the principles of heredity in plants and animals. Inheritance at both the familial and population levels and the biochemical basis of heredity are stressed. Application of genetics to medical and evolutionary problems is considered.

Drosophilae experiments in genetics: dihybrid crosses, the chi-square test, cell reproduction: mitosis in root tip squashes, meiosis in Rheo discolor, polytene chromosome in dipterans salivary gland squash preparation, linkage and crossing over in fungi, extraction of bacterial DNA, transformation in E. coli.

Work experience in business, industrial, governmental, research lab or service organization as may be relevant to career objective. The work experience is considered as an opportunity to apply and extend knowledge obtained in the classroom.

This course is based on lectures and discussions; however, it introduces to the students simple concepts and mechanisms of toxicology of the toxicants around us. These chemicals are present in the food we eat, the water we

drink, and even the air we breathe. This course offers the opportunity for the students to gain basic knowledge about

the environmental chemicals, their toxicity, and route of entry to the human body. Students will learn how to minimize the risk of exposure by taking certain steps. This course will serve as a stepping stone for those students wishing to pursue their career in environmental science.

BIO 436 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY AND LAB 4 SEM. HRS.

This course deals with the history and application of DNA technology, bioethics, radiation safety and basic labs used

in teaching biotechnology. Students are exposed to the modern techniques in biotechnology through computer simulation, assignments, and discussion of research paper on modern trends in biotechnology. This course will serve well to those students seeking their career in research and industry.

**CHE 131 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I 3 SEM. HRS.**

A comprehensive study of chemical principles including states of matter, atomic structure, chemical bonding, molecular structures, stoichiometry, thermo chemistry, chemical reactions, the periodic table, and gas laws.

**CHE 111 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

This course will provide an hands-on experience with simple measurements, analysis of unknown substances, study of chemical and physical properties of some elements, techniques of separation, determination of chemical formula, measurement of heat changes in chemical reactions, study of active metals, general concepts of chemical bonding, Charles law etc. **Co-requisite: CHE 131.**

**CHE 132 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II 3 SEM. HRS.**

Solutions, acids and bases, kinetics, ionic equilibrium product principle, electrochemistry etc. are topics included in

this course. Lecture only. **Prerequisite: CHE 131.**

**CHE 112 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

This course is designed to provide a hands-on experience on some of the materials that are covered in course CHE-
132. The experiments that are carried out in this course are based on solutions and solubility, solutions of
electrolytes, molecular mass determination by solution method, chemical equilibrium, measurements of reaction rates, characterization of compounds, acid-base titration. **Co-requisite: CHE 132.**

**CHE 330 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY 3 SEM. HRS.**

Chemistry of the earth, hydrocarbons, polymers in relation to the environment and conventional and alternative sources of energy are presented. Air and water pollution, agricultural chemicals and biological control of pests, food additives and household chemicals are also introduced. The uses and abuses of psychotropic drugs, and chemotherapy are also described. **Prerequisite: CHE 132.**

**CHE 310 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

This course will expose students to different environmental problems such as air, water, and soil pollutions. The students will perform several laboratory experiments such as water analysis, cigarette smoke analysis, household chemicals, etc. **Co-requisite: CHE 330.**

**CHE 331 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I 3 SEM. HRS.**

Chemistry of carbon compounds. This course consists of a study of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alicyclic hydrocarbons, stereochemistry, and alkyl halides. Structure, bonding, synthesis, and reaction mechanisms are emphasized. **Prerequisite: CHE 132.**

**CHE 311 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

This course emphasizes laboratory techniques as applied to separation, purification, chemical reaction, and synthesis of organic compounds. **Co-requisite: CHE 331.**

**CHE 332 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II 3 SEM. HRS.**

This course is a study of aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, and amines. Synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and spectroscopic identification of functional groups are described. **Prerequisite: CHE 331.**

**CHE 312 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

This laboratory course is designed to investigate the correlation of organic chemical behavior with organic structures. Basic spectroscopy techniques will also be introduced.** Co-requisite: CHE 332.**

**CHE 333 QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS 3 SEM. HRS.**

Theories and principles involved in analytical chemistry including volumetric, gravimetric techniques, electrochemistry of electrolyte solutions and separation methods are described. **Prerequisite: CHE 132.**

**CHE 313 QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

Laboratory experiments will be performed for quantitative analysis including volumetric and gravimetric techniques, and acid base reactions. **Co-requisite: CHE 333.**

**CHE 334 INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS 3 SEM. HRS.**

The theory, application, and instrumentation of current techniques in analytical chemistry, such as gas chromatography (GC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometer, infra red (IR) spectrophotometer, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and mass spectrometry (MS) will be discussed. **Prerequisite: CHE 332.**

**CHE 314 INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

The students have the opportunity to get hands-on experience on state-of-the-art equipment such as GC, GC/MS, HPLC, IR, UV, and NMR. Each student will learn how to use these instruments to solve certain environmental and

biological problems. **Co-requisite: CHE 334.**

**CHE 335 BIOCHEMISTRY 3 SEM. HRS.**

Chemical composition of matter is studied from the standpoint of molecular logic. The structure of macromolecules is studied by first understanding the basic building blocks of lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates. The structure of cellular components and energy metabolism and the roles of vitamins and cofactors are studied.
**Prerequisite: CHE 332.**

**CHE 315 BIOCHEMISTRY LAB 1 SEM. HR.**

Laboratory experiments are performed for Biochemistry (CHE 335) concerning the structure, composition, and

some of the properties of the macromolecules, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. **Co-requisite: CHE
335.**

The course includes class discussion of current developments in chemistry.

Fundamental principles of Physical Chemistry are presented with emphasis on the properties of gases, kinetic molecular theory of gases, the first law of thermodynamics, thermo chemistry, and the phase equilibrium.

CHE 414 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I LAB 1 SEM. HR.

Experiments are performed for Physical Chemistry I (CHE 434) involving gas laws, kinetic theory of gases, thermo

chemistry, and the first law of thermodynamics.

This course covers the second and the third laws of thermodynamics and their applications, the fundamental principles of electrochemistry, free energy and chemical equilibria, catalysis, and the physical principles of the quantum mechanics theory.

Laboratory experiments involve second and third laws of thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, and chemical

kinetics.

Basics of computerized instrumentation for the control of instruments, direct acquisition and analysis of the data from the experiment. Computerized literature search, drawing three dimensional structures of chemical compounds, problem solving in stoichiometry, and chemical kinetics.

Experiments are conducted in the lab for Computer Methods in Chemistry (CHE 436) concerning computerized acquisition and analysis of the data from the experiments in stoichiometry and chemical kinetics.

436.

Work experience in business, industrial, governmental, research laboratory or service organization as may be relevant to career objective. The work experience is considered as an opportunity to apply and extend knowledge obtained in the classroom. Prerequisite: at least 16 semester hours of chemistry courses and approval by the faculty advisor.

The course is taught using the Microsoft Office textbook. It is an introduction to the basic functions of a personal computer and its operating system. This course includes hands-on exercises in word processing, spreadsheets, and databases. The textbook consists of 31 lessons that introduce the basics of using Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, Outlook, Publisher, and FrontPage programs. The student will learn to operate effectively within the desktop environment and will be able to manage and organize files and directories/folders as well as know how to copy, move and delete files and folders. The course is designed to teach students how to create, edit and design documents and presentations in Microsoft's operating system.

Induction and Recursion; sets counting; graphs; structures and simulations; Boolean algebra; algebraic structures; encoding and decoding; finite state machines.

This course introduces concepts of social influences and ethics within the computing discipline. Topics include legal and ethical issues; dispute prevention and resolution; contracts' liability; social responsibility; patents' copyrights; trademarks; societal considerations; various professional codes of ethics; and historical computing.

General theory of linear programming; the simplex, the revised simplex method, parametric linear programming, and matrix games.

This course covers the syntax of C++ programming languages which is an extension to the C Language with emphasis on proper design and the techniques using the basic computer for object oriented programming.

Students design and develop software applications for the Windows Operating System. Visual Basic incorporates a set of software technologies called Active X. Active X technology allows the creation, integration, and reuse of software components called controls. This course will provide an overview of application development, user interface design, program development methodology, structure programming, object-oriented programming and the Visual Basic software development systems.

This course introduces concepts of programming language history and development, specification, analysis, and design. Topics include data types and data structures; runtime environments; parameters; procedures and functions; separate files; control structures; memory management; binding; compilation; linkage; interpreters; syntax and semantics; automata; and grammars.

This course will prepare students to learn more advanced aspects of the Java language. Students will learn about Java's object-oriented building block, and work with Java's operator and control flow statements. The course not only will teach students how to use these features of Java, but also talk about when and why they would use them.

Components of micro, mini, and main frame architectures, stack computers and operation of the hardware, software components of computer systems. Includes logic design, number representations and arithmetic, interrupt handling, devices and their control. Implementation of binary arithmetic, Elementary Boolean Algebra and Elementary Design.

Analysis of internal and external storage, manipulation, search and retrieval of different data structures. A study of sorting and searching techniques. Description of trees, files, algorithm analysis, recursion using Pascal. Basic concepts of data and structures such as strings, lists, arrays, stack, queues, trees, and graphs, and analysis and design of efficient algorithms for searching and sorting. Example and programming will utilize the Pascal Language.

A brief introduction on the early history, developments and generations of operating systems, hardware, software, firmware, process concepts, various storages and storage management, job and processor scheduling, disk scheduling, and file and database systems.

An overview of Data Communication, data terminals, architecture of network, message switching, error-checking codes, high-level protocols.

CMS 434 COMPUTER SCIENCE PROJECT 3 SEM. HRS.

Students are required to work on a computer programming based project, prepare a paper and present it to their peers. Discussions will involve programming peculiarities, advanced topics in programming, and evaluation of the projects.

Design and management of database systems with an emphasis on search and matching techniques and efficiency of

computer algorithms.

Graphical display of solutions to scientific and commercial problems, various display algorithms, and graphic languages and display units.

Problem solving methods in artificial intelligence, (heuristic) programming, and memory models.

Work experience in business, industrial, governmental, or service organization as may be relevant to career objective. The work experience is considered as an opportunity to apply and extend knowledge obtained in the classroom.

This course exposes students to understand what Unix/Linux is and how to use it. Students will gain a technical overview of Unix/Linux by building knowledge and understanding through hands-on experiences. The topics covered include basic commands and system structures, system tools, output redirection, command line text editing, e-mail and system calls, file system basics, and basic shell scripting.

The course will explore in depth some aspect or problem of Computer Science or a closely related topic. Students build skills in the areas of research and presentation. The Computer Science area will have a format for discussing specialized topics that are either too narrow to offer as an elective or too unique to fit into existing courses. Students are responsible for their topic selection, research, and preparation. The instructor will serve primarily as a consultant.

This course will allow students to master the fundamental concepts of programming with emphasis on proper techniques, and will also allow students to take a programming word or problem, design an algorithm to solve it, and finally translate the algorithm into C or C++ codes for implementation on a computer. Prerequisite: CMS 130.

**MAT 230 PRE-CALCULUS 3 SEM. HRS.**

Elementary properties of real numbers, inequalities, intervals, equations, algebraic expressions, quadratic rule, absolute value, functions, functional notation, graphing techniques, lines, quadratic functions, methods of combining functions, inverse functions, right triangles, trigonometric functions of angles using unit circle and degree, radian measures of angles are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 132,133.**

**MAT 231 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY & CALCULUS I 3 SEM. HRS.**

Limits, derivatives, properties of limits and derivatives, applications of derivatives including rates of change and maximum - minimum problems are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 230.**

**MAT 232 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY & CALCULUS II 3 SEM. HRS.**

Antiderivatives, definite integrals, problems of areas, volumes, center of mass, and transcendental functions are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 231.**

**MAT 233 LINEAR ALGEBRA 3 SEM. HRS.**

Vectors, vector spaces, Gaussian eliminations, matrices, determinants, characteristic values and applications to

linear programming are considered. **Prerequisite: MAT 132.**

**MAT 234 INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS 3 SEM. HRS.**

This course covers organization of data, measurement of central tendency and dispersion, the probability, the normal and the sampling distributions, tests of hypothesis, goodness of fit, contingency tables, linear regression and linear correlation. **Prerequisite: MAT 132.**

**MAT 330 NUMBER THEORY 3 SEM. HRS.**

Divisibility and factorization of integers, linear and quadratic congruencies, Fermat's theorem, Euler's functions and elementary number theoretic functions are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT132.**

**MAT 331 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY & CALCULUS III 3 SEM. HRS.**

Techniques of integration, improper integrals, L' Hospital's rule, conic sections, sequences, series, Taylor and Maclaurin series for a function, vectors, equations of lines and planes in space, and vector valued functions are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 232.**

**MAT 332 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY & CALCULUS IV 3 SEM. HRS.**

Calculus of vector valued functions, functions of several variables, multiple integrals and applications of the topics in Physics are considered. **Prerequisite: MAT 331.**

**MAT 333 NUMERICAL METHODS 3 SEM. HRS.**

Solutions of equations, interpolation, approximation, numerical differentiation, integration, error analysis and writing programs are considered. **Prerequisite: CMS 333 and MAT 232.**

**MAT 334 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA I 3 SEM. HRS.**

Congruencies in Z, modular arithmetic, rings, polynomial rings, fields, quotient rings, groups, groups of symmetries of a polygon and symmetric groups are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 132.**

**MAT 335 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA II 3 SEM. HRS.**

Integral domains, division rings, arithmetic in integral domains, unique factorization domains, field of quotients of an integral domain, field extensions, direct products, sylow theorems, and solvability by radicals are studied.
**Prerequisite: MAT 334.**

**MAT 418 MATH HONORS SEMINAR 1 SEM. HR.**

Topics in today's research perspectives are presented in lecture forms.These problems include diverse areas such as

Number Theory, probability and statistics and other areas of interest.

**MAT 431 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 3 SEM. HRS.**

Solution techniques for first order equations, linear equations of higher order, the Laplace transforms and systems of

equations and applications involving initial value problems are discussed. **Prerequisite: MAT 232.**

**MAT 433 ADVANCED CALCULUS I 3 SEM. HRS.**

Sets, sequences, limits of functions, and continuity are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 332.**

MAT 434 ADVANCED CALCULUS II 3 SEM. HRS.

Differentiation, integration, infinite series, and sequences and series of functions are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT
433.**

**MAT 435 COMPLEX VARIABLES 3 SEM. HRS.**

Complex number system, metric spaces, topology of C, analytic functions, complex integrations, and singularities are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 332.**

**MAT 436 REAL ANALYSIS 3 SEM. HRS.**

Sets, Sequences, limits, continuity, differentiation, and Reimann Integrals are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 434.**

**MAT 437 TOPOLOGY 3 SEM. HRS.**

Point-Set Topology, including metric spaces, general topological spaces, continuity, topological equivalence, bases, sub basis, connectedness, compactness, separation properties, metric spaces, subspaces, product spaces, and quotient spaces are studied. **Prerequisite: MAT 434.**

**MAT 460 INTERNSHIP 6 SEM. HRS.**

Work experience in business, industry, government, research labs, or service organizations as may be relevant to career objectives. The work experience is considered as an opportunity to apply and extend knowledge obtained in the classroom. **Prerequisite: at least six courses in mathematics and approval by faculty advisor.**

Non-calculus based physics taught for Biology, Chemistry, and Computer Science majors. The following topics are studies in this course such as motion in one direction, motion in two directions (circular motion, projectile motion, and motion in the x-y plane), Newton's Laws, energy, power and impulse.

PHY 211 PHYSICS I LAB 1 SEM. HR.

This course will offer experiments that help students understand the concepts discussed in PHY 231 such as one and two dimensional motions, Newton's Laws, energy and power.

Non-calculus based physics, taught for Biology, Chemistry, and Computer Science students. Stress and strain, Archimedes principles, heat, and change of phase, thermal expression, optics, oscillations, waves, sound, electricity and magnetism.

This course offers experiments that help students understand the concepts discussed in PHY 232 such as Archimedes principles, heat, oscillations, waves, sound, and electricity.