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1. See especially Mississippi: A Guide to the Magnolia State (New York: Hastings House, 1949). I am grateful to Charlotte Thomas Marshall of Athens GA, the consummate local historian, for making available to me her file on the Coxes and Carltons.

2. Betty C. Wiltshire, Marshall County, Mississippi, Probate and Will Records (Carrollton MS: Pioneer Publishing, 1996), 79.

3. South Carolina Genealogies (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Company, 1983) 3:258-272.

4. Netty Fant Thompson, Assignment #15 for  WPA History of Marshall County, Mississippi,  Mississippi Department of Archives and History.  Hugh H. Rather to HHM, Apr. 11, 1996.

5. Thompson,  Gentlemen Farmers,  for WPA history, MDAH.  Interview with Sidney Seal Crawford Gooch, Feb. 20, 1983.

6. See  Lines on the Death of a Bride of Sixteen,  a poem in the strange volume by Mrs. S. J. Cohen of Holly Springs, Henry Luria: Or, the Little Jewish Convert (New York: J. F. Trow, 1860); and Sherwood Bonner's Like unto Like (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1878), as well as HHM, The Prodigal Daughter: A Life of Sherwood Bonner (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981, repr. University of Tennessee Press, 1999), 133.

7. Judge Clapp's travel diary is in Special Collections, University of Mississippi.

8. R. Milton Winter, ed, Our Pen is Time: The Diary of Emma Finley (Lafayette CA: Thomas-Berryhill Press, 1999), 19. Barbara Howick Fant to HHM, Dec. 20, 1998.

9. Robert Milton Winter, ed., Amid Some Excellent Company: Holly Springs, Mississippi Through the Life and Words of John M. Mickle (Holly Springs: Spring Hollow Publishers, 2003), 199-202.

10. See James S. Ackerman, The Villa: Form and Ideology of Country Houses (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985). Sloan's Victorian Buildings (New York: Dover Publications, 1980), 59.

11.  See Harold N. Cooledge, Jr., Samuel Sloan: Architect of Philadelphia, 1815-1884 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986), esp. 133, 140-149.
12.  Sam Kaye to HHM, 27 Sept, 2003, and 27 Mar. 2004.  Pat Edwards,  "Rosedale and Samuel Sloan,"  thesis, Mississippi University for Women, 1974. When Mills Lane was working on his books on ante-bellum southern architecture, I suggested that he investigate Thomas K. Wharton of New Orleans, who had lived in Holly Springs in the mid-1840s, as the possible architect of  Airliewood.   Rather than investigating, Lane instead made the statement in print that Wharton might have been the architect.  Later, I read Wharton's diary for the 1850s in the New York Public Library.  There is no mention of the Coxes or of Holly Springs.  Wharton clearly had no hand in the Coxe mansion.

13 Interview with Betty Ann Kennedy Mobley, 16 Sept. 2003.  Mobley archive of Rittlemeyer material.

14.  Interview with Amelia Coffey Lacey, 26 Jan. 1957. Phinizy Spalding, ed., Higher Education for Women in the South: A History of Lucy Cobb Institute (Athens GA: Georgia Southern Press, 1994), pp. 14, 115.

15. See HHM, A Southern Tapestry: Marshall County, Mississippi, 1835-2000 (Virginia Beach: The Donning Company, 2000), 62-67.  Martha Mildred Thomson Strickland to William M. Strickland, Mar. 28, 1862, typescript in HHM collection.

16.  Sherwood Bonner,  From  60 to  65,  A Sherwood Bonner Sampler, 1869-1884, ed. Anne Razey Gowdy (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2000), 164-178.

17.  Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister, 1757-1878, ed. Jesse Grant Cramer (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1912), 95-96.  Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant, ed. John Y. Simon (New York: G. P. Putnam s Sons, 1975), 105-106.

18. Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant, 107.  The best account of the Van Dorn Raid is in Arthur B. Carter's The Tarnished Cavalier: Major General Earl Van Dorn, C.S.A (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999), 127-146. Three Years with Grant, as Recalled by War Correspondent Sylvanus Cadwallader, ed. Benjamin P. Thomas (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1956), 40.  General Parker Hills to HHM, Oct. 15, 2004.  Amid Some Excellent Company, p. 199.

19. Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant, 108.  Papers of Ulysses S. Grant (Carbondale IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1977) 6:393-396. Memoirs, 109. Olga Reed Pruitt, It Happened Here: True Stories of Holly Springs (Holly Springs: South Reporter Printing Co., 1950), 61.  Memoirs, 108.

20. "A Sunday in the South,"  by Lieutenant William White, posted on

21. Robert Milton Winter, ed. Civil War Women: The Diaries of Belle Strickland and Cora Harris Watson (Lafayette CA: Thomas-Berryhill Press, 2001), 43.

22. Robert B. Alexander diary, Mar. 25, 1864, Marshall County Historical Museum.  Charles N. Dean was told the  story of  Will Henry Coxe's last days by Joe and Elijah Dean, born in slavery on the Dean plantation near  "Galena."

23. For information on the Topps, I have drawn on the wonderful family archive of Bruce Dixon Topp of Tallahasee, Florida (great-great-grandson of Jennings Topp), consisting of census information, biographical sketches, obituaries, Christ Church records, and family registers.

24.  Amid Some Excellent Company, p. 190. For a discussion of Helen Craft's identifying annotations in her copy of her friend Sherwood Bonner's Like unto Like, see The Prodigal Daughter, 84-85. The quotation comes from that novel, p. 24.  The most accessible version of the novel is the 1997 reprint by the University of South Carolina Press.

25. The Prodigal Daughter, p. 144.

26. Gilcher Holliday of Louisville told Charles N. Dean the story of the freight car in the late 1950s.  It was repeated to me by both James Topp and Bruce Dixon Topp, independently of each other, in the fall of 2004.

27. Amid Some Excellent Company, pp.199-202.

28. Wynne and Trotter files, HHM collection.

29. Amid Some Excellent Company, pp. 112, 130.

30. Interview with David Person, July 23, 2004.

31. I have drawn here from conversations about the Elliots with Netty Fant Thompson in the 1950s and Charles N. Dean over many decades.

32. The Stephenson sketch is included in Chesley Thorne Smith's Childhood in Holly Springs: A Memoir (Lafayette, Cal.: Thomas-Berryhill Press, 1996).

33. Charles N. Dean obituary, Holly Springs South Reporter, Mar. 14, 1935.

34. Dr. Robert E. Tyson to HHM, 14 June 2005.

35. The Deans and my father talked about his spending many hours under one of the front magnolias courting a teacher boarding at the house.

36. Edwina Carpenter,  "Miss Mary Sue Burns: Happy Childhood Memories Recalled,"  South Reporter, Apr. 24, 1986.

37. Dr. Robert E. Tyson to HHM, 3 June 2005.

38. "Charles N. Dean, 55, Lawyer and Local Historian Dies of Cancer,"  South Reporter, 12 Feb. 1983.

39. Alice Fulbright,  "Pink Gothic House Back on Pilgrimage,"  Memphis Commercial Appeal, Apr. 14, 1984

40. Barbara Howick Fant to HHM, Apr. 22, 1998.

41. Barbara Howick Fant to HHM, Aug. 7 and Dec. 20, 1998. Holly Wright,  "Historic Gates at Coxe-Dean Home Restored,"  South Reporter, Sept. 9, 1999.

42.  Joe Overstreet to HHM, Mar. 9, 2005.

43. Joe Overstreet to HHM, Feb. 11, 2004.  "Fire Strikes Historic Treasure: Airliewood Saved,"  South Reporter, Aug. 12, 2004.

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